Monday, January 21, 2019
audio and visual fixation

means audio and visual fixation which has been published with the permission of the copyright holder or related right holder in order to distribute it to the public in a reasonable amount of copies.


means the transmission of sound or image or both sound and image of a work, performance, audio and visual fixation or broadcast to the public by wireless or landline means including satellite transmission, in such a way that the public may access such work from any place and time the public selects.

Certification mark

means a mark which is authorized by its owner to be used by another organization or individual on the latter's goods or services in order to certify the origin, raw materials, materials, mode of manufacture of goods or manner of provision of services, and the quality, accuracy, safety or other characteristic of goods or services bearing such mark.

Collective mark

means a mark used to distinguish goods or services of members of an organization which is the owner of such mark from marks of non-members of such organization.


means rights of an organization or individual to works which such organization or individual created or owns.

Derivative work

means a work translated from one language into another; or an adapted, modified, transformed, compiled, annotated or selected work.

Design of semi-conducting closed circuits

means a three dimensional disposition of circuit elements and their interconnections in a semi-conducting closed circuit.

Geographical indication

means the sign used to identify a product as originating from a specific region, locality, territory or country.

Industrial design

means the outward appearance of a product embodied in three dimensional configuration, lines, colours or a combination of such elements.

Industrial property rights

means rights of an organization or individual to inventions, industrial designs, designs of semi-conducting closed circuits, trade secrets, marks, trade names and geographical indications which such organization or individual created or owns, and the right to prevent unfair competition.

Integrated marks

means identical or similar marks registered by the same entity and intended for use on products or services which are of the same, similar or interrelated type.

Intellectual property right holder

means an owner of intellectual property rights or an organization or individual to whom intellectual property rights are assigned by the owner.


means a technical solution in the form of a product or process which is intended to solve a problem by application of natural laws.

Plant variety

means a plant grouping within a single botanical taxon of the lowest known rank, which is morphologically uniform and suitable for being propagated unchanged, and can be defined by the expression of phenotypes resulting from a genotype or a combination of given genotypes, and distinguished from any other plant grouping by the expression of at least one inheritable phenotype.

Protection title

means a document granted by the competent State body to an organization or individual in order to establish industrial property rights to an invention, industrial design, layout design, mark or geographical indication; or in order to establish rights to a plant variety.

Published work

means a work which has been published with the permission of the copyright holder or related right holder in order to distribute it to the public in a reasonable amount of copies.


means the making of one or more copies of a work, audio and visual fixation by whatever mode or in whatever form, including permanent or provisional backup of the work in electronic form.

Rights to plant varieties

means rights of an organization or individual to new plant varieties which such organization or individual has selected and created, discovered and developed, or which they own.

Semiconductor integrated circuit

means a product in its intermediate or final form in which the elements, at least one of which is an active element, and some or all of the interconnections, are integrally formed in or on a piece of semiconductor material and which is intended to perform an electronic function. Integrated circuit is synonymous with IC, chip and micro-electronic circuit.

Trade name

means the designation of an organization or individual used in business activities in order to distinguish the business entity bearing such trade name from other business entities in the same business sector and area.

Trade secret

means information obtained from activities of financial or intellectual investment, which has not yet been disclosed and which is able to be used in business.

Well known mark

means a mark widely known by consumers throughout the territory of Vietnam.

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