Food additive regulations

SECTION IV: FOOD ADDITIVE REGULATIONS

On August 31, 2001 the Ministry of Health issued Decree No.3742/2001/QD-BTY on the List of Food Additives allowed to be used in Food. The Decree provides the list of permitted food additives in different ways. Firstly, the food additives are grouped into 21 groups based on their functions. They are:
– Acidity regulator
– Flavor enhances
– Firming agents
– Preservatives
– Anti-caking agents
– Anti-Oxidants
– Anti foaming agents
– Mixing agents
– Artificial sweeteners
– Stuffs made from starch
– Enzyms
– Inert gas
– Emulsifiers
– Thickeners
– Moisturizing agents
– Firming agents
– Polishing agents
– Coloring agents
– Sequestrants
– Foaming agents
– Powder treatment agents

Secondly, the approved food additives are listed  by using the International Numbering System (INS) (see the below list). Third, the food additives are listed in alphabetical order. Maximum level (ML) of the approved food additives allowed to be used in each kind of food are also presented in the decree. Please contact post for more detail as it is available in Vietnamese only.

The list of food additives allowed to use in food presented in Decree No. No.3742/2001/QD-BTY replaces the list of food additives allowed to use in food stated in the Ministry of Health Decree No. 867/1998/QD-BYT dated April 4, 1998.

List of food additives allowed to use in food (in accordance with Ministry of Health Decision No.3742/2001/QD-BYT dated August 31, 2001)

NO

INS

Names of food additives

VIETNAMESE

ENGLISH

1

2

3

4

1.

100i

Vµng Curcumin (Vàng nghệ)

Curcumin

2.

101i

Vµng Riboflavin (Riboflavin)

Riboflavin

3.

102

Vµng Tartrazin (Tartrazin)

Tartrazine

4.

104

Vµng Quinolin

Quinoline Yellow

5.

110

Vµng Sunset FCF (Sunset Yellow FCF)

Sunset Yellow FCF

6.

120

Carmin

Carmines

7.

122

Carmoisine

Azorubine (Carmoisine)

8.

123

§á Amaranth (Amaranth)

Amaranth

9.

124

§á Ponceau 4R (Ponceau 4R)

Ponceau 4R

10.

127

Vµng Erythrosin (Erythrosin)

Erythrosine

11.

128

§á 2G

Red 2G

12.

129

§á Allura AC

Allura Red AC

13.

132

Indigotin (Indigocarmine)

Indigotine

14.

133

Xanh Brilliant FCF

Brilliant Blue FCF

15.

140

Clorophyl

Chlorophyll

16.

141i

Clorophyl phức đồng

Chlorophyll Copper Complex

17.

141ii

Clorophyl phức đồng (muối Natri, kali của nó)

Chlorophyll Copper Complex, Sodium And Potassium Salts

18.

142

Xanh S

Green S

19.

143

Xanh lôc bÒn (FCF)

Fast Green FCF

20.

150a

Caramen nhãm I (kh«ng xö lý)

Caramel I- Plain

21.

150c

Caramen nhãm III (xử lý amoni)

Caramel III – Ammonia Process

22.

150d

Caramen nhãm IV (xử lý amoni sulfit)

Caramel IV – Ammonia Sulphite Process

23.

151

Đen Brilliant PN

Brilliant Black PN

24.

155

Nâu HT

Brown HT

25.

160ai

Beta-caroten tổng hợp

Beta-Carotene (Synthetic)

26.

160aii

Caroten tự nhiên (chiết xuất từ thực vật)

Natural Extracts (carotenes)

27.

160b

Chất chiết xuất từ Annatto

Annatto Extracts

28.

160e

Beta-Apo-Carotenal

Beta-Apo-Carotenal

1

2

3

4

29.

160f

Este Metyl (hoặc Etyl) của axit Beta-Apo-8′-Carotenic

Beta-Apo-8′-Carotenic Acid, Methyl Or Ethyl Ester

30.

161g

Canthaxanthin

Canthaxanthine

31.

163ii

Chất chiết xuất từ vỏ nho

Grape Skin Extract

32.

170i

Canxi cacbonat

Calcium Carbonate

33.

171

Titan dioxit

Titanium Dioxide

34.

172i

Sắt oxit, đen

Iron Oxide, Black

35.

172ii

Sắt oxit, đỏ

Iron Oxide, Red

36.

172iii

Sắt oxit, vàng

Iron Oxide, Yellow

37.

200

Axit sorbic

Sorbic Acid

38.

201

Natri sorbat

Sodium Sorbate

39.

202

Kali sorbat

Potassium Sorbate

40.

203

Canxi sorbat

Calcium Sorbate

41.

210

Axit benzoic

Benzoic Acid

42.

211

Natri benzoat

Sodium Benzoate

43.

212

Kali benzoat

Potassium Benzoate

44.

213

Canxi benzoat

Calcium Benzoate

45.

214

Etyl p-Hydroxybenzoat

Ethyl p-Hydroxybenzoate

46.

216

Propyl p-Hydroxybenzoat

Propyl p-Hydroxybenzoate

47.

218

Metyl p-Hydroxybenzoat

Methyl p-Hydroxybenzoate

48.

220

Sulphua dioxit

Sulphur Dioxide

49.

221

Natri sulfit

Sodium Sulphite

50.

222

Natri hydro sulfit

Sodium Hydrogen Sulphite

51.

223

Natri metabisulfit

Sodium Metabisulphite

52.

224

Kali meta bisulfit

Potassium Metabisulphite

53.

225

Kali sulfit

Potassium Sulphite

54.

227

Canxi hydro sulfit

Calcium Hydrogen Sulphite

55.

228

Kali bisulfit

Potassium Bisulphite

56.

234

Nisin

Nisin

57.

238

Canxi format

Calcium Formate

58.

239

Hexametylen Tetramin

Hexamethylene Tetramine

59.

242

Dimetyl dicacbonat

Dimethyl Dicarbonate

1

2

3

4

60.

251

Natri nitrat

Sodium Nitrate

61.

252

Kali nitrat

Potassium Nitrate

62.

260

Axit axetic b¨ng

Acetic Acid, Glacial

63.

261

Kali axetat (c¸c muèi)

Potassium Acetates

64.

262i

Natri axetat

Sodium Acetate

65.

262ii

Natri diaxetat

Sodium Diacetate

66.

263

Canxi axetat

Calcium Acetate

67.

270

Axit lactic (L-, D- vµ DL-)

Lactic Acid (L-, D- and DL-)

68.

280

Axit propionic

Propionic Acid

69.

281

Natri propionat

Sodium Propionate

70.

296

Axit malic

Malic Acid (DL-)

71.

297

Axit fumaric

Fumaric Acid

72.

300

Axit ascorbic (L-)

Ascorbic Acid (L-)

73.

301

Natri ascorbat

Sodium Ascorbate

74.

302

Canxi ascorbat

Calcium Ascorbate

75.

303

Kali ascorbat

Potassium Ascorbate

76.

304

Ascorbyl palmitat

Ascorbyl Palmitate

77.

305

Ascorbyl stearat

Ascorbyl Stearate

78.

307

Alpha-Tocopherol

Alpha-Tocopherol

79.

310

Propyl galat

Gallate, Propyl

80.

314

Nhựa cây Gaiac

Guaiac Resin

81.

315

Axit erythorbic (Axit Isoascorbic)

Erythorbic Acid (Isoascorbic Acid)

82.

319

Tert-Butylhydroquinon (TBHQ)

Tertiary Butylhydroquinone

83.

320

Butylat hydroxy anisol (BHA)

Butylated Hydroxyanisole

84.

321

Butylat hydroxy toluen (BHT)

Butylated Hydroxytoluene

85.

322

Lexitin

Lecithins

86.

325

Natri lactat

Sodium Lactate

87.

326

Kali lactat

Potassium Lactate

88.

327

Canxi lactat

Calcium Lactate

89.

330

Axit xitric

Citric Acid

90.

331i

Natri dihydro xitrat

Sodium Dihydrogen Citrate

1

2

3

4

91.

331iii

Trinatri xitrat

Trisodium Citrate

92.

332i

Kali dihydro xitrat

Potassium Dihydrogen Citrate

93.

332ii

Trikali xitrat

Tripotassium Citrate

94.

333

Canxi xitrat

Calcium Citrates

95.

334

Axit tartric

Tartaric Acid (L (+)-)

96.

335i

Mononatri tartrat

Monosodium Tartrate

97.

335ii

Dinatri tactrat

Disodium Tartrate

98.

336i

Monokali tartrat

Monopotassium Tartrate

99.

336ii

Dikali tactrat

Dipotassium Tartrate

100.

337

Kali natri tartrat

Potassium Sodium Tartrate

101.

338

Axit orthophosphoric

Orthophosphoric Acid

102.

339i

Mononatri orthophosphat

Monosodium Orthophosphate

103.

339ii

Dinatri orthophosphat

Disodium Orthophosphate

104.

339iii

Trinatri orthophosphat

Trisodium Orthophosphate

105.

340 iii

Trikali orthophosphat

Tripotassium Orthophosphate

106.

340i

Monokali orthophosphat

Monopotassium Orthophosphate

107.

340ii

Dikali orthophosphat

Dipotassium Orthophosphate

108.

341i

Monocanxi orthophosphat

Monocalcium Orthophosphate

109.

341ii

Dicanxi orthophosphat

Dicalcium Orthophosphate

110.

341iii

Tricanxi orthophosphat

Tricalcium Orthophosphate

111.

343i

Monomagie orthophosphat

Monomagnesium orthophosphate

112.

343iii

Trimagie orthophosphat

Trimagnesium Orthophosphates

113.

352ii

Canxi malat

Calcium Malate

114.

355

Axit adipic

Adipic Acid

115.

356

Natri adipat (c¸c muèi)

Sodium Adipates

116.

357

Kali adipat (c¸c muèi)

Potassium Adipates

117.

365

Natri fumarat

Sodium Fumarates

118.

381

S¾t amoni xitrat

Ferric Ammonium Citrate

119.

384

Isopropyl xitrat

Isopropyl Citrates

120.

385

Canxi dinatri etylen-diamin-tetra-axetat

Calcium Disodium Ethylene-Diamine-Tetra-Acetate

121.

386

Dinatri Etylen-Diamin-Tetra-axetat (EDTA)

Disodium Ethylene-Diamine-Tetra-Acetate

1

2

3

4

122.

387

Oxystearin

Oxystearin

123.

389

Dilauryl Thiodipropionat

Dilauryl Thiodipropionate

124.

400

Axit alginic

Alginic Acid

125.

401

Natri alginat

Sodium Alginate

126.

402

Kali alginat

Potassium Alginate

127.

403

Amoni alginat

Ammonium Alginate

128.

404

Canxi alginat

Calcium Alginate

129.

405

Propylen glycol alginat

Propylene Glycol Alginate

130.

406

Thạch trắng (Aga)

Agar

131.

407

Carrageenan và muối Na, K, NH4 của nó (bao gồm Furcellaran)

Carrageenan and its Na, K, NH4 salts (includes Furcellaran)

132.

410

Gôm đậu Carob

Carob Bean Gum

133.

412

Gôm Gua

Guar Gum

134.

413

Gôm Tragacanth

Tragacanth Gum

135.

414

Gôm Arabic

Gum Arabic (Acacia Gum)

136.

415

Gôm Xanthan

Xanthan Gum

137.

416

Gôm Karaya

Karaya Gum

138.

417

Gôm Tara

Tara Gum

139.

418

Gôm Gellan

Gellan Gum

140.

420

Sorbitol và siro sorbitol

Sorbitol and Sorbitol Syrup

141.

421

Manitol

Mannitol

142.

422

Glycerol

Glycerol

143.

433

Polyoxyetylen (20) Sorbitan monooleat

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monooleate

144.

440

Pectin

Pectins

145.

442

Muối Amoni của axit phosphatidic

Ammonium Salts Of Phosphatidic Acid

146.

444

Sucroza axetat isobutyrat

Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate

147.

445

Glycerol Esters của nhựa cây

Glycerol Esters Of Wood Resin

148.

450i

Dinatri diphosphat

Disodium Diphosphate

149.

450ii

Trinatri diphosphat

Trisodium Diphosphate

150.

450iii

Tetranatri diphosphat

Tetrasodium Diphosphate

151.

450iv

Dikali diphosphat

Dipotassium Diphosphate

152.

450v

Tetrakali diphosphat

Tetrapotassium Diphosphate

1

2

3

4

153.

450vi

Dicanxi diphosphat

Dicalcium Diphosphate

154.

450vii

Canxi dihydro diphosphat

Calcium Dihydrogen Diphosphate

155.

450viii

Dimagie diphosphat

Dimagnesium Diphosphate

156.

451i

Pentanatri triphosphat

Pentasodium Triphosphate

157.

451ii

Pentakali triphosphat

Pentapotassium Triphosphate

158.

452i

Natri polyphosphat

Sodium Polyphosphate

159.

452ii

Kali polyphosphat

Potassium Polyphosphate

160.

452iii

Natri canxi polyphosphat

Sodium Calcium Polyphosphate

161.

452iv

Canxi polyphosphat

Calcium Polyphosphates

162.

452v

Amoni polyphosphat

Ammonium Polyphosphates

163.

460i

Xenluloza vi tinh thể

Microcrystalline Cellulose

164.

461

Metyl xenluloza

Methyl Cellulose

165.

465

Metyl etyl xenluloza

Methyl Ethyl Cellulose

166.

466

Natri cacboxy metyl xenluloza

Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose

167.

470

Muối của axit myristic, palmitic và stearic ( NH4, Ca, K, Na)

Salts Of Myristic, Palmitic and Stearic Acids (Ca, Na, K, NH4)

168.

470

Muối của axit oleic ( Ca, K, Na)

Salts of Oleic Acid (Ca, Na, K)

169.

471

Mono và diglycerit của các axit béo

Mono- And Di-Glycerides Of Fatty Acids

170.

472b

Este của glycerol với Axit lactic và các axit béo

Lactic And Fatty Acid Esters Of Glycerol

171.

472c

Este của glycerol với Axit xitric và Axit béo

Citric And Fatty Acid Esters Of Glycerol

172.

472e

Este của glycerol với Axit diaxetyl tactaric và Axit béo

Diacetyl tartaric And Fatty Acid Esters Of Glycerol

173.

472f

Hỗn hợp giữa este của glyxerol với Axit axetic và Axit béo và este của glyxerol với Axit tactric và Axit béo

Mixed Tartaric, Axetic And Fatty Acid Esters Of Glycerol

174.

473

Este của Sucroza với các axít béo

Sucrose Esters of Fatty acids

175.

474

Sucroglyxerit

Sucroglycerides

176.

475

Este của polyglycerol  với Axit béo

Polyglycerol Esters Of Fatty Acids

177.

480

Dioctyl natri sulfosuxinat

Dioctyl Sodium Sulphosuccinate

178.

483

Stearyl tartrat

Stearyl Tartrate

179.

484

Stearyl xitrat

Stearyl Citrate

180.

491

Sorbitan Monostearat

Sorbitan Monostearate

181.

492

Sorbitan Tristearat

Sorbitan Tristearate

182.

493

Sorbitan Monolaurat

Sorbitan Monolaurate

1

2

3

4

183.

494

Sorbitan Monooleat

Sorbitan Monooleate

184.

495

Sorbitan Monopalmitat

Sorbitan Monopalmitate

185.

500i

Natri cacbonat

Sodium Carbonate

186.

500ii

Natri hydro cacbonat

Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate

187.

501i

Kali cacbonat

Potassium Carbonate

188.

503i

Amoni cacbonat

Ammonium Carbonate

189.

503ii

Amoni hydro cacbonat

Ammonium Hydrogen Carbonate

190.

504i

Magie cacbonat

Magnesium Carbonate

191.

508

Kali clorua

Potassium Chloride

192.

509

Canxi clorua

Calcium Chloride

193.

516

Canxi sulfat

Calcium Sulphate

194.

520

Nhôm sulfat

Aluminium Sulphate

195.

521

Nhôm natri sulphat

Aluminium Sodium Sulphate

196.

522

Nhôm kali sulphat

Aluminium Potassium Sulphate

197.

523

Nhôm amoni sulphat

Aluminium Ammonium Sulphate

198.

524

Natri hydroxit

Sodium Hydroxide

199.

525

Kali hydroxit

Potassium Hydroxide

200.

526

Canxi hydroxit

Calcium Hydroxide

201.

529

Canxi oxit

Calcium Oxide

202.

530

Magie oxit

Magnesium Oxide

203.

535

Natri ferocyanua

Sodium Ferrocyanide

204.

536

Kali ferocyanua

Potassium Ferrocyanide

205.

538

Canxi feroxyanua

Calcium Ferrocyanide

206.

539

Natri thiosulphat

Sodium Thiosulphate

207.

541i

Natri nhôm phosphat-axit

Sodium Aluminium Phosphate-acidic

208.

541ii

Natri nhôm phosphat-bazơ

Sodium Aluminium Phosphate-Basic

209.

551

Silicon dioxit vô định hình

Silicon Dioxide, Amorphous

210.

552

Canxi silicat

Calcium Silicate

211.

553i

Magie silicat

Magnesium Silicate

212.

553iii

Bột talc

Talc

213.

554

Natri nhôm silicat

Sodium Aluminosilicate

1

2

3

4

214.

556

Canxi nhôm silicat

Calcium Aluminium Silicate

215.

559

Nhôm silicat

Aluminium Silicate

216.

575

Glucono Delta-Lacton

Glucono Delta-Lactone

217.

576

Natri gluconat

Sodium Gluconate

218.

577

Kali gluconat

Potassium Gluconate

219.

578

Canxi gluconat

Calcium Gluconate

220.

620

Axit glutamic (L(+)-)

Glutamic Acid (L (+)-)

221.

621

Mononatri glutamat

Monosodium Glutamate

222.

622

Monokali glutamat

Monopotassium Glutamate

223.

623

Canxi glutamat

Calcium Glutamate

224.

626

Axit guanylic

Guanylic Acid

225.

630

Axit inosinic

Inosinic Acid

226.

636

Maltol

Maltol

227.

637

Etyl maltol

Ethyl Maltol

228.

900a

Polydimetyl siloxan

Polydimethylsiloxane

229.

901

Sáp ong (trắng và vàng)

Beeswax, White And Yellow

230.

902

Sáp Candelila

Candelilla Wax

231.

903

Sáp  Carnauba

Carnauba Wax

232.

904

Senlac

Shellac

233.

905a

Dầu khoáng (dùng cho thực phẩm)

Mineral Oil, Food Grade

234.

905ci

Sáp vi tinh thể

Microcrystalline Wax

235.

905cii

Sáp dầu

Paraffin Wax

236.

927a

Azodicacbonamit

Azodicarbonamide

237.

941

Khí nitơ

Nitrogen

238.

942

Khí  nitơ oxit

Nitrous oxide

239.

950

Acesulfam kali

Acesulfame Potassium

240.

951

Aspartam

Aspartame

241.

953

Isomalt

Isomalt

242.

954

Sacarin (và muối Na, K, Ca của nó)

Saccharin (And Na, K, Ca Salts)

243.

955

Sucraloza

Sucralose

244.

999

Chất chiết xuất từ Quillaia

Quillaia Extracts

1

2

3

4

245.

1100

Amylaza (các loại)

Amylases

246.

1101i

Proteaza

Protease ( A. oryzae var.)

247.

1101ii

Papain

Papain

248.

1101iii

Bromelain

Bromelain

249.

1102

Glucoza Oxidaza (Aspergillus niger var.)

Glucose Oxidase (Aspergillus niger var.)

250.

1105

Lysozym

Lysozyme

251.

1201

Polyvinylpyrolidon

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

252.

1400

Dextrin, tinh bột rang trắng, vàng

Dextrins, Roasted Starch White And Yellow

253.

1401

Tinh bột đã được xử lý bằng axit

Acid-Treated Starch

254.

1402

Tinh bột đã được xử lý bằng kiềm

Alkaline Treated Starch

255.

1403

Tinh bột đã khử màu

Bleached Starch

256.

1404

Tinh bột xử lý oxi hóa

Oxidized Starch

257.

1405

Tinh bột, xử lý bằng enzim

Enzyme-Treated Starches

258.

1410

Monoamidon phosphat

Monostarch Phosphate

259.

1411

Diamidon glyxerol

Distarch Glycerol

260.

1412

Diamidon phosphat (este hóa với Natri trimetaphosphat hoặc với Phospho Oxyclorua)

Distarch Phosphate Esterified With Sodium Trimetaphosphate; Esterified With Phosphorus Oxychloride

261.

1413

Diamidon phosphat

Phosphated Distarch Phosphate

262.

1414

Diamidon  phosphat đã axetyl hoá

Acetylated Distarch Phosphate

263.

1420

Amidon axetat (este hoá với Anhydrit axetic)

Starch acetate, Esterified with Axetic anhydride

264.

1421

Amidon axetat este hoá với Vinyl axetat

Starch acetate, Esterified with Vinyl Axetate

265.

1422

Diamidon adipat đã axetyl hoá

Acetylated Distarch Adipat

266.

1423

Diamidon glyxerol đã axetyl

Acetylated Distarch Glycerol

267.

1440

Amidon hyđroxypropyl

Hydroxypropyl Starch

268.

1442

Diamidon hydroxypropyl phosphat

Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate

269.

1443

Diamidon hydroxypropyl glyxerol

Hydroxypropyl Distarch Glycerol

270.

1450

Amidon natri octenyl suxinat

Starch Sodium Octenyl Succinate

271.

1520

Propylen glycol

Propylene Glycol

272.

1521

Polyetylen glycol

Polyethylene Glycol

273.

CQ§

Gelatin thực phẩm

Gelatin Edible

274.

CQ§

Malt carbohydraza

Malt carbohydrase

The Ministry of Health defines food additives as substances which are not considered food or the main ingredients of food, and which have little nutritional value, and are added in food in limited amounts, and are harmless. Food additives are used in order to maintain the quality, shape, odor, alkalinity or acidity of food, or, to meet the technological requirements for the production, processing, packaging, transportation and preservation of food. Such contaminants as poisonous micro-fungus, heavy metals, herbal preserving agents, animal medicines, etc., are not considered food additives.

To use approved food additives in production, processing, treatment, preservation, packing and transportation of food must be in compliance with the “Regulations on Food Safety” stated in the Ministry of Health Decree No.4196/1999/QD-BYT dated December 1999.

Only food additives on the list can be produced, traded and imported to Vietnam and it also must be certified to meet food safety requirement by an  “authorized agency”.

Additives in food  must:

– Not contain more than the permitted maximum level
– Meet technical, hygiene requirements set for each food additive
– Not change the physical, chemical and nutritional content and commercial value of the food
– Be labelled in accordance with the current regulation. For special food additives, there must also be guidance for use.

Annually the Vietnam Food Administration (VFA) reviews status of food additives use based on benefit or harm to  human health.

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