CHAPTER XVI: General Provisions on Protection of Intellectual Property rights (Law no. 50/2005/qh11 on intellectual property)

PART V
Protection of Intellectual Property rights

CHAPTER XVI
General Provisions on Protection of Intellectual Property rights

Article 198 Right to self-protection

1. An intellectual property right holder shall have the right to apply the following measures to protect the Intellectual Property rights of such holder:

(a) To apply technological measures to prevent acts of infringement of its Intellectual Property rights;

(b) To request any organization or individual who commits an act of infringement of the Intellectual Property rights of the holder to terminate such act, make a public apology or rectification, and pay damages;

(c) To request the competent State body to deal with acts of infringement of its Intellectual Property rights in accordance with the provisions of this Law and other relevant laws;

(d) To initiate a lawsuit at a court or a claim at an arbitration centre to protect the legitimate rights and interests of the holder.

2. Organizations and individuals who suffer loss and damage caused by acts of infringement of Intellectual Property rights or who discover acts of infringement of Intellectual Property rights which cause loss and damage to consumers or society shall have the right to request the competent State body to deal with such acts in accordance with the provisions of this Law and other relevant laws.

3. Organizations and individuals who suffer loss and damage or who are likely to suffer loss and damage caused by acts of unfair competition shall have the right to request the competent State body to apply the civil remedies stipulated in article 202 of this Law and the administrative remedies stipulated in the law on competition.

Article 199 Remedies when dealing with acts of infringement of Intellectual Property rights

1. Any organization or individual who commits an act of infringement of the Intellectual Property rights of another organization or individual shall, depending upon the nature and seriousness of such infringement, be dealt with by the application of civil, administrative or criminal remedies.

2. In necessary cases, the competent State body may apply provisional urgent measures, measures to control intellectual property related imports and exports, preventive measures and measures to secure enforcement of an administrative penalty in accordance with the provisions of this Law and other relevant laws.

Article 200 Authority for dealing with acts of infringement of Intellectual Property rights

1. The following bodies shall, within the scope of their respective duties and powers, have authority to deal with acts of infringement of Intellectual Property rights: courts, inspectorates, market management offices, customs offices, police offices and people’s committees at all levels.

2. The application of civil and criminal remedies shall fall within the authority of courts. In necessary cases, courts may apply provisional urgent measures stipulated by law.

3. The application of administrative remedies shall fall within the authority of inspectorates, police offices, market management offices, customs offices and people’s committees at all levels. In necessary cases, such bodies may apply preventive measures stipulated by law or measures to secure payment of administrative fines stipulated by law.

4. The application of measures to control intellectual property related imports and exports shall fall within the authority of customs offices.

Article 201 Intellectual property assessment

1. Intellectual property assessment means the use by competent organizations or individuals of their professional knowledge and expertise to make an assessment of and conclusions on matters related to cases of infringement of Intellectual Property rights.

2. A State body competent to deal with acts of infringement of Intellectual Property rights shall have the right to arrange for an intellectual property assessment while dealing with a case for which such body has accepted jurisdiction.

3. Intellectual property right holders and other related organizations and individuals shall have the right to request an intellectual property assessment in order to protect the legitimate rights and interests of such holder, organization or individual.

4. The Government shall provide detailed guidelines on activities being intellectual property assessment.

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