Other specific standards

SECTION VII: OTHER SPECIFIC STANDARDS

Note:

The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) has overall responsibility for the quality and standards of goods including foods. However, the MOH is fully responsible for the safety and hygiene of foods, in other words, Vietnamese standards for food safety and hygiene are set by MOH. This system in some cases has created overlapping and confused regulations on foods.

Testing norms of import food products are based on the Vietnamese standard system (TCVN – set by Ministry of Science and Technology) and hygiene and safety standards set by Ministry of Health. These standards are possible risks to trade due to its complexity and its non-scientific status . However, up to now, food products that have beared non-scientific standards still can enter Vietnam’s market easily. The Vietnamese standard of zero tolerance of salmonella on chicken meat is an example.

i)      Weights and Measures

On July 08, 2008, the MOST has issued the Decision No. 07/2008/QD-BKHCN listing packaged goods subject to state control on weights and measures. The list includes agricultural commodities and agricultural products; fishery and marine products; sauces and seasonsings; milk and dairy products; mineral water; beverages and alcoholic beverages; edible oils; confectionary; sugar and feeds.

The metric system is regarded the main measurement in Vietnamese practice.

ii)     Vitamin-Enrichment requirements

Ref: Decision No.6289/2003/QD-BTY by Ministry of Health on “supplement of micro nutritional elements to food/food products” dated December 9, 2003

According to the regulation, micro nutritional elements supplemented to food/food products must be inspected by authorized agencies for quality and safety. It must not change colour, smell, physical condition and processing characteristics of food. It must also not change self- life of the food. Label of supplemented food/food products supplemented must contain a sentence indicating that it contains micro nutritional elements

Tables 1-6 are on specific regulations on such kind of food

Table 1: Regulation on supplement mirco nutritional elements to children nursing food

(applied for food made from grain: rice, wheat, bean, soybean, milk powder for children more than 6 months)

MICRO NUTRITIONAL ELEMENT

Use level /100 Kcalo

MINIMUM

Maximum

1. Vitamin A (RE)

250 IU

500 IU

2. Vitamin D

40 IU

80 IU

3. Vitamin C

8 mg

40 mg

4. Vitamin B1

40 mg

200 mg

5. Vitamin B2

60 mg

300 mg

6. Axit folic

4 mg

20mg

7. Vitamin B12

0,15 mg

1,5 mg

8. Vitamin K

4 mg

40 mg

9. Calcium (Ca)

50mg

250mg

10. Iron (Fe)

0,5 mg

2,5 mg

11. Zin (Zn)

0,3 mg

2,0 mg

Table 2: Supplemental of iron in fish source

Form of iron used: NaFeEDTA

Supplemental dosage:

– minimu:  30 mg iron/100ml fish source

–         Maximum:  50 mg iron/100ml fish source

–         Standard of NaFeEDTA allowed:

Scientific name: Sodium Iron (III) Ethylene DaminteTraAcetate, trihydrate.

Chemical formula: C10H12FeN2NaO8.3H2O

Molecular weight: 421.09 (trihydrate).

Purity degree: JECFA standard.

Characteristics

usage level allowed

Composition

12,5 – 13,5

Compostion of EDTA

65,5 – 70,5

pH of liquid of 1

3,5 – 5,5

Percentage of dis-solve in water

Max. 0,1

Nitrilotriaxetic Acid

<0,1

Arsen (As)

Maximum 1mg/kg

Lead (Pb)

Max. 1mg/kg

Table 3: Regulation on supplemental of micro ingredient elements in wheat flour

Supplemental elements

supplemental level

1- Iron (Fe)

60 mg/kg

2- Zin (Zn)

30 mg/kg

3- Thiamin (vitamin B1)

2,5 mg/kg

4- Riboflavin (vitamin B2)

4 mg/kg

5- folic acid

2 mg/kg

Table 4: Regulation on supplement of vitamin A in vegetable oil

Form of vitamin A used: Vitamin A palmitate

Use level:

– Min: 50 IU/gam dÇu

– Max: 100 IU/gam dÇu

Storage condition:

Vegetable oil supplemented with vitamin A must be stored in color boxes and avoid direct sunlight.

Quantity of vitamin A  can maintain of  50 after 6-9 months.

Table 5: Regulation on supplemental of vitamin A in sugar

form of vitamin A used: Vitamin A palmitate

Supplemental level:

Min: 15mg/gam sugar

Max:  30mg/gam sugar

Storage condition

Sugar supplemented with vitamin A must be stored in sealed boxes and to avoid direct sunglight.

– Quantity of vitamin A  can maintain of  50 after 6-9 months

Table- 6: Regulation on supplement of vitamin, mineral elements in children’s nutrition food and wheat flour

Vitamin

form of  vitamin

Purity degree

1. Vitamin A

Retinyl axetat

Retinyl palmitat

Retinyl propionat

Beta-caroten

USP, BP, Ph.Eur, FCC

USP, BP, Ph.Eur, FCC

USP, BP, Ph.Eur, FCC

FAO/WHO, FCC

2. Vitamin D

 

Ergocalciferol (Vitamin D2)

Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)

USP, BP, Ph.Eur, FCC

USP, FCC

3. Vitamin C

Axit ascorbic

Natri ascorbat

Canxi ascorbat

USP, BP, Ph.Eur,

FAO/WHO, FCC

USP, FAO/WHO, FCC

4. Vitamin B1

Thiamin clorua hydroclorua

Thiamin mononitrat

USP, BP, Ph.Eur, FCC

USP, FCC

5. Vitamin B2

Riboflavin

Riboflavin 5′-phosphat natri

USP, BP, Ph.Eur,

FAO/WHO, FCC

6. Folic

Axit folic

USP, BP

7. Vitamin B12

Xyanocolbalamin

Hydroxocobalamin

USP, BP, Ph.Eur

NF, BP

8. Vitamin K

Phytylmenaquinone

USP, BP

9. Source calcium (Ca)

Canxi carbonat

FCC, FAO/WHO

Canxi citrat

FCC, FAO/WHO

Canxi lactat

FCC, FAO/WHO

Canxi phosphat, tribasic

FCC, FAO/WHO

10. Iron (Fe)

Ferrous fumat

FCC

Ferrous gluconat

FCC, FAO/WHO

Ferrous lactat

MI

Ferrous sulfat

FCC

11. Source zin (Zn)

Zin axetat

MI

zin oxit

MI

zin sulfat

FFC

Note:

USP= United State Pharmacopoeia

NF= United States National Formulary

BP= British Pharmacopoeia

BPC= British Pharmaceutial Codex

Ph. Eur= European Pharmacopoeia

MI= Merck Index

FAO/WHO= General Principles for the Use of Food Additives, Codex Alimentarius, Volume 1

DAB= Deutsches Arzneibuch

FCC= Food Chemicals Codex

Vitamin-enrichment requirements vary from each kind of food products.  In general, vitamin proportion are defined so as to assure the nutrition of each food products.

The Recommended Nutrient Intakes RNI 2002 has detailed recommended intake levels of varous kinds of vitamines /day by age groups. Some highlighted points are as follows:

Vitamine C (mg/day): 25, 45, 55 for children below one year-old, adults and pregnant women, respectively.

Vitamine B6 (mg/day): 0.1, 1.3-1.7, 1.9 for children below one year-old, adults and pregnant women, respectively.

iv) Novel Foods (Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs))

Vietnam does not ban imports of GM foods. Vietnam is working on several regulations to manage GMOs and GM products including Regulation on management of GM food. However, regulations have yet approved.

v) Functioning foods

Circular 08/2004/TT-BYT of the MOH dated 23/08/2004 guiding state management of functioning foods. A food product has been modified and enriched by nutritious products i.e vitamines, minerals and other active biological ingredients is considered a functioning food if meeting the following conditions:

– The manufacturer of the food has announced it as functioning food.

– The competent authority agency of the country of origin has approved for circulation within the country’s teritories.

– Result of Clinical Tests/health claims

– For food enriched by micro nutritious, in its label instruction on total daily intake of micro nutritious, at least one vitamines and one mineral has got its content three time higher than the RNI 2002.

vi) Marine Products

As mentioned in the entry-point testing, the Nafiqaved under MARD is responsible for hygiene and safety standards of imported marine products.

vii) Beverages Products:

Vietnamese standard – TCVN 7041 is the reference.

viii) Wine, Beer and Other Alcoholic Beverages

For wine, Vietnamese standard – TCVN 7045 is the reference.

For Liquor, TCVN 7044.

For white alcoholic drinks (vodka), TCVN 7043.

For beer, TCVN 7042.

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